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Stéphane Perrouty

Stéphane Perrouty

Associate Professor, Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Science, Engineering and Architecture


I completed a PhD at the University of Toulouse, France, a post-doctoral fellowship at the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, France, and a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. I'm currently involved in several multidisciplinary collaborative research programs, including the CFREF Metal Earth program, NSERC-CMIC Mineral Exploration Footprints program, and AMIRA's West African and South American Exploration Initiatives. My research integrates structural geology, mineralogy, lithogeochemistry, applied geophysics, and three-dimensional modelling to understand tectonic processes associated with Precambrian ore deposits.


Post-Doctoral Fellow (2013-2017) - University of Western Ontario, Canada

Post-Doctoral Fellow (2012-2013) - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, France

B.Sc. (2006), M.Sc. (2008), PhD (2012) - University of Toulouse, France


My research aims to identify and understand tectono-stratigraphic factors and hydrothermal processes that lead to gold mineralization in Precambrian shields, in particular within Archean and Paleoproterozoic greenstones belts. I developed a broad research expertise integrating a range of disciplines in geosciences, with a primary interest in Precambrian geology, structural geology and modelling applied to gold exploration.

Current HQP

Michael Tedeschi (PDF, 2021-2023) Tectono-stratigraphic of the Guiana shield, Guyana and Suriname

Rebecca Montsion (PhD candidate, 2018-2022, co-tutelle with the University of Western Australia): Factors contributing to metal endowment in the western Wabigoon and Abitibi subprovinces: a mineral prospectivity modelling approach for Archean greenstone belts

Sean Mundreon (MSc candidate, 2021-2023): Refining hydrothermal alteration footprints using hyperspectral imaging, Hammond Reef gold deposit, Ontario

Limin Xu (co-supervisor, MSc candidate, 2019-2021): A fluid-flow modelling approach for predictive mapping of orogenic gold mineralization in the Malartic camp, Québec

Amokelani Mavundza (MSc candidate, 2018-2021): Integration of petrography, geochemistry and petrophysics to characterize the internal structure and evolution of the Revell batholith, western Wabigoon subprovince, Ontario

David Downie (MSc candidate, 2018-2021): Barren giants in Precambrian greenstone belts: structure, mineralogy and lithogeochemistry of the Boyer Lake magmatic-hydrothermal system, western Wabigoon subprovince, Ontario

Eliott Théas (co-supervisor, MSc candidate, 2018-2021, UQAM): Structural and geological study of the Odyssey prospect, Malartic camp, Québec

Kassandra Sofonio (Applied MSc candidate, 2020-2022): Massive sulfide geometry and paragenesis, Fenelon gold deposit, Québec

Marc-André Pelletier (Applied MSc candidate, 2020-2022): 3D structural modelling of the Fenelon gold deposit, Québec

Past HQP

Ben Frieman (2018-2021, PDF): Volcano-stratigraphy of the western Wabigoon subprovince, Dryden, Ontario

Kendra Zammit (2018-2020, MSc): Structural evolution and orogenic gold metallogeny of the western Wabigoon subprovince, Ontario

Lauren Norenberg (co-supervisor, 2020, BSc, Queen’s University): Structural controls of gold mineralization at the Van Horne prospect, Dryden, Ontario

Jordan Peterzon (co-supervisor, 2020, BSc, Queen’s University): Alteration geochemistry and paragenesis of gold mineralization at the Van Horne prospect, Dryden, Ontario

Brandon Smith (2019, BSc): 3D fault network in the western Wabigoon subprovince: implications for orogenic gold prospectivity, Ontario

Katharina Holt (co-supervisor, 2019, BSc Queen’s University): Kinematic history of the Manitou-Dinorwic Deformation Zone, and implications for mineral exploration in the western Wabigoon subprovince, Ontario

Neera Sundaralingam (co-supervisor, 2016, BSc, University of Western Ontario): Vein pyrite composition as a potential vector for defining the Canadian Malartic Footprint, Québec

Natalie Blacklock (co-supervisor, 2015, BSc, Queen’s University): Vein characterization using structural controls and petrographic analysis at Cartier Zone, Canadian Malartic Footprint, Québec


GEOL 3006 - Field Geology II (Spring): This course introduces students to the fundamentals of field mapping. It is normally offered during the first two weeks of May. Students learn how to produce geological maps and cross-sections to document the 3D geological framework of four mapping areas, including 1) Huronian sandstones and Sudbury breccia in the Lake Laurentian Conservation Area, 2) poly-deformed gneisses in the Grenville Province (Crooked Lake), 3) the Grenville Tectonic Front, and 4) Huronian metasedimentary outliers on Archean basement (Bannerman Lake). Students develop general skills in orientation and map reading, use of airborne data, traverse and mapping techniques, field structural analysis, and technical report writing. PREREQ: GEOL 2126 (Mineralogy), GEOL 2237 (Rocks) and GEOL 3306 (Structural Geology).

GEOL 4016 - Precambrian Geology (Fall): This course introduces students to the evolution the Earth’s mantle, crust, surface, atmosphere and life from ~4568 Ma (formation of the Earth) to ~541 Ma (end of the Precambrian). It integrates multiple geosciences disciplines to solve Precambrian problems, including igneous petrography, structural geology, stratigraphy, sedimentology, geochemistry, stable and radiogenic isotope chemistry, geochronology, and geophysics. Precambrian rock types (e.g., Komatiites, TTGs, Iron Formations), geodynamic models (e.g., stagnant lid versus plate tectonic, crust formation and growth) and global changes (e.g., Great Oxidation Event, Snowball Earth) are discussed. The geology of several Precambrian regions around the world is presented, with a special emphasis on the Canadian Shield (Acasta gneisses and Nuvvuagittuq belt, Superior Province, Trans-Hudson Orogen, Grenville Province, Mid-Continental Rift, etc.). The course consists of 16 classroom lectures, 8 labs and a field trip to Timmins. PREREQ: GEOL 2807/3807 (Geochemistry), GEOL 3206/3207 (Petrography), and GEOL 3306 (Structural Geology).


31) Mapping structural complexity using geophysics: A new geostatistical approach applied to greenstone belts of the southern Superior Province, Canada, Rebecca M. Montsion, Stéphane Perrouty, Mark D. Lindsay, Mark W. Jessell, Ben M. Frieman, 2021, Tectonophysics, 812,

30) The nature of the southern West African craton lithosphere inferred from its electrical resistivity, Florian Le Pape, Alan G. Jones, Mark W. Jessell, Colin Hogg, Luc Siebenaller, Stéphane Perrouty, Abdoulaye Touré, Pascal Ouiya, Goran Boren, 2021, Precambrian Research, 358,

29) Paleoproterozoic gold events in the southern West African Craton: review and synopsis, Masurel Q, Eglinger A, Thébaud N, Allibone A, André-Mayer AS, McFarlane H, Miller J, Jessell M, Aillères L, Vanderhaeghe O, Salvi S, Baratoux L, Perrouty S, Begg G, Fougerouse D, Hayman P, Wane O, Tshibubudze A, Parra-Avila L, Kouamélan A, Ofori Amponsah P, 2021, Mineralium Deposita, 

28) Metallogeny of the Neoarchean Malartic gold mining camp, Québec, Canada, Stéphane De Souza, Stéphane Perrouty, Benoît Dubé, Patrick Mercier-Langevin, Robert L. Linnen, Gema R. Olivo, 2020, (invited), Society of Economic Geology, Special Publication 23, Geology of the World’s Major Gold Deposits and Provinces, 29-52,

27) Whole-rock δ18O and δ2H footprint of the Canadian Malartic gold deposit, Pontiac Subprovince, Québec, Canada, Thomas Raskevicius, Georges Beaudoin, Kurt T. Kyser, Stéphane Perrouty, Nicolas Gaillard, 2020, Mineralium Deposita, 55, 991-1008,

26) The use of lithogeochemistry in delineating hydrothermal fluid pathways and vectoring gold mineralization in the Malartic district, Québec, Nicolas Gaillard, Anthony E. Williams-Jones, James R. Clark, Stefano Salvi, Stéphane Perrouty, Robert L. Linnen, Gema R. Olivo, 2020, Ore Geology Reviews, 120,

25) Using hyperspectral imaging to vector towards mineralization at the Canadian Malartic gold deposit, Québec, Canada, Philip Lypaczewski, Benoit Rivard, Nicolas Gaillard, Stéphane Perrouty, Nicolas Piette-Lauzière, Charles L. Bérubé, Robert L. Linnen, 2019, Ore Geology Reviews, 111,

24) Le projet Metal Earth: une initiative de recherche en exploration minérale en 4D, Mathieu L, Lafrance B, Sherlock R, Gibson H, Ayer J, Thurston P, Daigneault R, Bédard P, Gaboury D, Naghizadeh M, Perrouty S, Feltrin L, Smith R, Beaudoin G, Hamilton M, Hannigton M, Pearson G, 2019, Géologues, 201, 54-59,

23) Geophysical inversion contributions to mineral exploration: Lessons from the Footprints project, Marc A. Vallée, William A. Morris, Stéphane Perrouty, Robert G. Lee, Ken Wasyliuk, Julia J. King, Kevin Ansdell, Reza Mir, Pejman Shamsipour, Colin G. Farquharson, Michel Chouteau, Randolph J. Enkin, Richard S. Smith, 2019, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 56, 5, 525-543,

22) The timing and extent of prograde metamorphism in the Pontiac Subprovince, Superior Craton: implications for Archean geodynamics and gold mineralization, Nicolas Piette-Lauzière, Carl Guilmette, Audrey Bouvier, Stéphane Perrouty, Pierre Pilote, Nicolas Gaillard, Philip Lypaczewski, Robert L. Linnen, Gema R. Olivo, 2019, Precambrian Research, 320, 111-136,

21) Identification of structurally complex gold-mineralized zones using airborne EM and ground IP in the Canadian Malartic district, Québec, Canada, Reza Mir, Stéphane Perrouty, Thibaut Astic, Charles L. Bérubé Richard S. Smith, 2019, Geophysics, 84, 2, B153-B167,

20) Mineralogical and textural controls on spectral induced polarization signatures of the Canadian Malartic gold deposit: applications to mineral exploration, Charles L. Bérubé, Gema R. Olivo, Michel Chouteau, Stéphane Perrouty, 2019, Geophysics, 84, 2, B135-B151,

19) Expanding the size of multi-parameter metasomatic footprints in gold exploration: utilization of mafic dykes in the Canadian Malartic district, Québec, Canada, Stéphane Perrouty, Robert L. Linnen, Michael C. Lesher, Gema R. Olivo, Stephen J. Piercey, Nicolas Gaillard, James R. Clark, Randy J. Enkin, 2019, Mineralium Deposita, 54, 5, 761-786,

18) New U-Pb baddeleyite ages of mafic dyke swarms of the West African and Amazonian Cratons: implication for their configuration in supercontinents through time, Baratoux L, Soderlund U, Ernst R, De Roever E, Jessell M, Kamo S, Naba S, Perrouty S, Metelka V, Yatte D, Grenholm M, Diallo D, Ndiaye P, Dioh E, Cournède C, Benoit M, Baratoux D, Youbi N, Bendaoud A, 2018, Book Chapter, IDC-7, Dyke Swarms of the World - A Modern Perspective, Springer, 263-314,

17) Predicting rock type and detecting hydrothermal alteration using machine learning and petrophysical properties of the Canadian Malartic ore and host rocks, Pontiac Subprovince, Québec, Canada, Charles L. Berube, Gema R. Olivo, Michel Chouteau, Stéphane Perrouty, Pejman Shamsipour, Randy J. Enkin, William A. Morris, Leonardo Feltrin, Raphaël Thiémonge, 2018, Ore Geology Reviews, 96, 130-145,

16) Mica composition as a vector to gold mineralization: deciphering hydrothermal and metamorphic effects in the Malartic district, Québec, Nicolas Gaillard, Anthony E. Williams-Jones, James R. Clark, Philip Lypaczewski, Stefano Salvi, Stéphane Perrouty, Nicolas Piette-Lauzière, Carl Guilmette, Robert L. Linnen, 2018, Ore Geology Reviews, 95, 789-820,

15) Integrated multi-parameter exploration footprints of the Canadian Malartic disseminated Au, McArthur River-Millennium unconformity U, and Highland Valley porphyry Cu Deposits: preliminary results from the NSERC-CMIC Mineral Exploration Footprints Research Network, Lesher M, Hannington M, Galley A, Ansdell K, Astic T, Banerjee N, Beauchamp S, Beaudoin G, Bertelli M, Bérubé C, Beyer S, Blacklock N, Byrne K, Cheng L.-Z, Chouinard R, Chouteau M, Clark J, D'Angelo M, Darijani M, Devine M, Dupuis C, El Goumi N, Enkin R, Farquharson C, Fayol N, Feltrin L, Feng J, Gaillard N, Gleeson S, Gouiza M, Grenon C, Guffey S, Guilmette C, Guo K, Hart C, Hattori K, Hollings P, Joyce N, Kamal D, King J, Kyser K, Layton-Matthews D, Lee R, Lesage G, Leybourne M, Linnen R, Lypaczewski P, McGaughey J, Mitchinson D, Milkereit B, Mir R, Morris W, Oldenburg D, Olivo G, Perrouty S, Piercey S, Piette-Lauzière N, Raskevicius T, Reman A, Rivard B, Ross M, Samson I, Scott S, Shamsipour P, Shi D, Smith R, Sundaralingam N, Taves R, Taylor C, Valentino M, Vallée M, Wasyliuk K, Williams-Jones A, Winterburn P, 2017, Exploration '17, Toronto, ON, 23 p.

14) Crustal structure of southern Burkina Faso inferred from magnetotelluric, gravity and magnetic data, Florian Le Pape, Alan G. Jones A, Mark W. Jessell, Stéphane Perrouty, Luis A. Gallardo, Lenka Baratoux, Colin Hogg, Luc Siebenaller, Abdoulaye Touré, Pascal Ouiya, Goran Boren, 2017, Precambrian Research, 261-272,

13) Structural setting for Canadian Malartic style of golf mineralization in the Pontiac Subprovince, south of the Cadillac Larder Lake Deformation Zone, Québec, Canada, Stéphane Perrouty, Nicolas Gaillard, Nicolas Piette-Lauzière, Reza Mir, Marc Bardoux, Gema R. Olivo, Robert L. Linnen, Charles L. Bérubé, Philip Lypaczewski, Carl Guilmette, Leonardo Feltrin, William A. Morris, 2017, Ore Geology Reviews, 84, 185-201,

12) The integration of physical rock properties, mineralogy and geochemistry for the exploration of large zinc silicate deposits: A case study of the Vazante zinc deposits, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Alexandra J. McGladrey, Gema R. Olivo, Adalene Moreira Silva, Gustavo Diniz Oliveira, Basilio Botura Neto, Stéphane Perrouty, 2017, Journal of Applied Geophysics, 136, 400-416,

11) Geological Setting of the Wassa Gold Deposit, SW Ghana, Perrouty S, Jessell MW, Bourassa Y, Miller J, Apau D, Parra-Avila LA, Le Mignot E, Velásquez G, Ganne J, Siebenaller L, Baratoux L, Aillères L, André-Mayer AS, Béziat D, Salvi S, 2016, Ore Geology Review, 78, 687-691, Special Issue: African Minerals Monograph,

10) The Wassa deposit: a poly-deformed orogenic gold system in southwest Ghana - Implications for regional exploration, Stéphane Perrouty, Mark W. Jessell, John Miller, Yan Bourassa, Daniel Apau, Luc Siebenaller, Germán Velásquez, Lenka Baratoux, Laurent Aillères, Didier Béziat, Stefano Salvi, 2015, Journal of African Earth Science, 112, 536-547, Special Issue on West Africa,

9) Age constraints of the Wassa and Benso mesothermal gold deposits, Ashanti Belt, Ghana, West Africa, Luis A. Parra-Avila, Yan Bourassa, John Miller, Stéphane Perrouty, Marco L. Fiorentini, T. Campbell McCuaig, 2015, Journal of African Earth Science, 112, 524-535, Special Issue on West Africa,

8) An updated map of West African mafic dykes, Mark W. Jessell, Julien Santoul, Lenka Baratoux, Nassrrdine Youbi, Richard Ernst, Vaclav Metelka, John Miller, Stéphane Perrouty, 2015, Journal of African Earth Science, 112, 440-450, Special Issue on West Africa,

7) Geometry of two glacial valleys in northern Pyrenees estimated using gravity data, Stéphane Perrouty, Bérangé Moussirou, Joseph Martinod, Sylvain Bonvalot, Sébastien Carretier, Germinal Gabalda, Bernard Monod, Gérard Hérail, Vincent Regard, Dominique Rémy, 2015, Comptes Rendus Geosciences, 347, 13-23,

6) 3D modeling of the Ashanti Belt, southwest Ghana: Evidence for a litho-stratigraphic control on gold occurrences within the Birimian Sefwi Group, Stéphane Perrouty, Mark D. Lindsay, Mark W. Jessell, Laurent Aillères, Roland Martin, Yan Bourassa, 2014, Ore Geology Review, 63, 252-264,

5) Inversion and geodiversity: searching model space for the answers, Mark D. Lindsay, Stéphane Perrouty, Mark W. Jessell, Laurent Aillères, 2014, Mathematical Geosciences, 46, 8, Special Issue on Three-Dimensional Structural Modeling, 971-1010,

4) Gravity inversion using wavelet-based compression on parallel hybrid CPU/GPU systems: application to southwest Ghana, Roland Martin, Vadim Monteiller, Dimitri Komatitsch, Stéphane Perrouty, Mark W. Jessell, Sylvain Bonvalot, Mark D. Lindsay, 2013, Geophysical Journal International, 195, 1594-1619,

3) Making the link between geological and geophysical uncertainty: geodiversity in the Ashanti Greenstone Belt, Mark D. Lindsay, Stéphane Perrouty, Mark W. Jessell, Laurent Aillères, 2013, Geophysical Journal International, 195, 903-922,

2) Geodiversity: exploration of 3D geological model space, Mark D. Lindsay, Mark W. Jessell, Laurent Ailleres, Stéphane Perrouty, Eric de Kemp, Peter Betts, 2013, Tectonophysics, 594, 27-37,

1) Revised Eburnean geodynamic evolution of the gold-rich southern Ashanti Belt, Ghana, with new field and geophysical evidence of pre-Tarkwaian deformations, Stéphane Perrouty, Laurent Aillères, Mark W. Jessell, Lenka Baratoux, Yan Bourassa, Brenton Crawford, 2012, Precambrian Research, 204-205, 12-39,